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Longevity After Injury Project

What's New

Happy New Year from Our Researchers

We would like to take this opportunity to thank those of you who have participated in our research in 2017,
as we continue our goal to improve the heath, employment, and longevity of people with disabling conditions through research and education.
On behalf of all of us we wish you and your family the best this holiday season and a prosperous 2018!
Happy New Year!


Webcast Information

Utilization of a Labor Force Participation Model in the Assessment of Quality Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

   Presenter: James Krause

   Published: 2/15/2018, 2:00pm Eastern

   (Registration is free but required.)

Webcast presented by Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) on Employment of People with Physical Disabilities. his webcast will focus on employment after physical disability for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) by applying econometric models to key quality employment outcomes. The econometric model considers two general sets of factors: 1.) those related to attributable differences in outcomes and 2.) those related to potential policy effects. The former are measured by demographic and disability characteristics and may be used to identify those who should be targeted for intervention. Whereas, policy factors represent a much broader group of variables that may more directly become the targets for policy related intervention strategies. These include psychological, socio-environmental, behavioral, and health factors. The presenter will describe data related to employment status and earnings with the goal of laying the foundation for targeting individuals in need of intervention and the evaluation of the importance of various factors to optimizing outcomes.

Resources for Students with Disabilities

Scholarships & Financial Aid for Students with Disabilities -

Study Tips for College Students with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia -

Studying with ADHD -

Going to College with ASD -

Thriving in Trade School with a Disability -

Our research team is not affiliated with any of the orgizations listed above. Should you have any questions please contact the organizations directly.

October was Employment and Disability Month

On Tuesday, October 14th as we celebrated Disability and Employment Month during our quarterly Spinal Cord Injury Grand Rounds. Dr. Jim Krause presented research on "Measuring Quality Indicators of Employment Success Among Persons with MS and SCI ". To view the presentation click here.

Summer Internship

Welcome aboard Emma Cuddy our 2017 summer undergraduate research intern.

Emma is born and raised in Charleston, SC. She is a rising senior at Clemson University obtaining a Bachelor of Art in Biology with a minor in Psychology. After graduation, she plans on obtaining a Master of Science in Biomedical Sciences. Her future goals are to complete medical school and potentially pursue a career in physical and rehabilitation medicine. Emma is currently participating in the MUSC College of Graduate Studies Summer Undergraduate Research Program (SURP) working on her project "Death From Unintentional Prescription Medication Overdose After Spinal Cord Injury."

2017 Publications

(In order from most recent to historical, please view our publications page for further details)

Li, C., Velozo, C. A., Hong, I., Li, C., Newman, J. C., & Krause, J. S. (in press). Generating Rasch-based activity of daily living measures form the Spinal Cord Injury Longitudinal Aging Study. Spinal Cord.

Saunders, L., Newman, S., Aust, R., Krause, J. S. (in press). Qualitative study of barriers and facilitators to cigarette smoking after spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Psychology.

Hand, B., Velozo, C., & Krause, J. S. (in press). Rasch measurement properties of the Pain Medication Questionnaire in persons with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord.

Krause, J. S. Newman, J. C., Clark, J. M. R., Dunn, M. (2017). The natural course of spinal cord injury: Changes over 40 years among those with exceptional survival. Spinal Cord, 55, 502-508. doi: 10.1038/sc.2016.159. Abstract

Krause, J. S., Cao, Y., Clark, J. M. R. (in press). Pain intensity, interference, and medication use after spinal cord injury: Relationship with risk of mortality after controlling for socioeconomic and other health factors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Li, C., Clark, J.M.R., & Krause, J. S. (in press). A latent structural analysis of health outcomes among people living with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Davis, J., Cao, Y., & Krause, J. S. (epub). Changes in alcohol use after the onset of spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, first published online 26 April 2017. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2017.1319996. Abstract

Clark, J. M. R. & Krause, J. S. (in press). Vocational interests by gender and race 10 years after spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Psychology.

Cao, Y., Li, C., Newman, S., Lucas, J., Charlifue, S., & Krause, J. S. (epub). Post-traumatic stress disorder after spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, first published online 27 April 2017. doi: 10.1037/rep0000135. Abstract

Li, C., DiPiro, N. D., & Krause, J. S. (epub). A latent structural equation model of protective behaviors and pressure ulcer outcomes among people living with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, first published online 7 February 2017, doi: 10.1038/sc.2017.9.. Abstract

Clark, J. M. R., Cao, Y., & Krause, J. S. (2017). Risk of pain medication misuse after spinal cord injury: The role of substance use, personality, and depression. Journal of Pain, 18(2), 166-177. Abstract

Cao, Y., Li, C., Gregory, A., Charlifue, S., & Krause, J. S. (2017). Depressive symptomatology after spinal cord injury: A multi-center investigation of multiple racial-ethnic groups. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine., 40(1), 85-92 Abstract


2017 Spring Newsletter

Our 2017 Health, Employment, and Longevity Project Newsletter is available! Click here to read.


SCI Research featured in MUSC Catalyst Newspaper

Dr. Krause was featured in the December issue of the MUS Catalyst. Dr. Krause discussed the importance of SCI research and the impact our research at MUSC has had, and how our newly funded grants will help us change whats possible in SCI research. Click here to read the article.

SCI Research Reaches New Milstone!


Investigators from the University of South Carolina meet with investigators from the SCI team at MUSC as they kick off the funded project entitled "Number, Primary and Secondary Diagnoses, and Costs of Inpatient Hospitalizations in a Population-based Cohort of People with Spinal Cord Injury".

This grant awarded by the Administration for Community Living (ACL) represents a collaborative effort with the University of South Carolina and will identify diagnoses and costs of rehospitalizations among individuals with SCI in South Carolina.

Five New Grants Awarded to the SCI Research Team!

We are very excited to share a couple of milestones with you from our research on spinal cord injury (SCI).

It was a banner two months for the University in terms of new federal funding for research and dissemination in spinal cord injury (SCI). The Administration for Community Living (ACL) awarded the HELP team three new grants and one subcontract, and the Department of Defense also awarded another grant, during August and September 2016. Click each of the links below to see the lay abstract.

"Aging and Spinal Cord Injury: A 45-year Longitudinal Study"

The first ACL grant is to extend the SCI Longitudinal Aging Study which is a 45 year study of life outcomes after SCI. It is the most long-standing study of outcomes after disability anywhere in the world. Many research participants have lived 50 or more years with SCI, even though it was widely believed that life expectancy was very short at the time the participants were enrolled in the early 1970s.

"Number, Primary and Secondary Diagnoses, and Costs of Inpatient Hospitalizations in a Population-based Cohort of People with Spinal Cord Injury"

A second ACL grant represents a collaborative effort with the University of South Carolina and will identify diagnoses and costs of rehospitalizations among individuals with SCI in South Carolina.

"A multidisciplinary approach to translating new knowledge into practice to promote health and well-being after spinal cord injury"

The third grant will utilize technology to develop individualized calculators for the risk of secondary health conditions, such as pressure ulcers and unintentional injuries. This information will allow providers to quickly assess risk of secondary health conditions, with the goal of eliminating high risk behaviors and improving overall health.

"Understanding, Predicting, and Preventing Life-Changing and Life-Threatening Health Changes Among Aging Veterans and Civilians with Spinal Cord Injury"

The DOD has funded a qualitative study to help us better understand negative health spirals among individuals who are aging with SCI, including both civilians and military veterans. It has been observed that health may change dramatically with aging, even among those who have had years or decades of excellent health. The study will identify the patterns and trigger points that may be used to promote prevention so individuals may live healthier lives with greater longevity.

"SCI Model Systems: Emergency department visits, related hospitalizations, and reasons for utilization of the emergency department after SCI"

The subcontract is with the prestigious model SCI Systems, funded to the Shepherd Center in Atlanta Georgia, and will focus on emergency department visits after SCI.


Congratulations to our very own principal investigator Dr. Krause PhD,who was selected as the keynote speaker for MUSC's 2016  Faculty Convocation. Dr Krause gave an inspiring keynote address about the importance of diversity and inclusion at the university and beyond for persons with disabilities. Dr Krause is an expert in the SCI research field, and also lives with the disability. Read the entire MUSC Catalyst cover feature here:

Press Release

As you know, we held a very special event in Minneapolis on June 7 for long-term SCI survivors who are part of our ongoing research study that was initiated by Nancy Crewe back in 1973. Please visit the links below to view the event pictures along with an article that appears in New Mobility Magazine summarizing the event.

You now can find the photos from our wonderful celebration of 40 years of SCI research at the following website:


New Mobility Magazine published our story in this month’s edition. You can view the article at the following website:

Historic Gathering of 40 and 50 year SCI Survivors




The information posted on the MUSC: Longevity after Injury Project website is intended for educational purposes and should not be construed as medical advice. --Further Details--

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