The student and clinical instructor will design student learning activities based on student goals and objectives, student clinical performance and unique learning opportunities of the facility. The clinical education process is a coordination of communication and activity between the academic institution, the clinic facility and the student; therefore, each clinical practicum situation is unique. In all cases, students are expected to be involved in direct patient care via involvement in multiple aspects of physical therapy patient/client management.
Teaching methods include, but are not limited to: actual, supervised patient care delivery, simulated patient care delivery, structured and unstructured observation experiences, research, patient case presentations, formal in-service presentations, rounds, patient care conferences, formative evaluation meetings, self-evaluations and summative evaluation meetings, etc. The ratio of students to clinical instructors is pre-determined by the facility and the Director for Clinical Education (DCE). Generally, the ratio is either 1:1 or 2:1. In cases of 2:1 student to clinical instructor situations, peer-teaching learning activities will also guide the learning process.