College of Graduate Studies
Individual Development Plan
Individual Development Plans (lDPs) provide a planning process that identifies both professional development needs and career objectives. Furthermore, lDPs serve as a communication tool between individuals and their mentors. While lDPs have been incorporated into performance review processes in many organizations, they have been used much less frequently in the mentoring/advising of MSTP trainees. An lDP can be considered one component of a broader mentoring program that needs to be instituted by all types of research institutions. This development plan is being designed to help MSTP students think about their professional development needs as they proceed through their didactic, research and clinical training experiences.
Help individuals identify:
Long-term career goals they wish to pursue and the necessary tools to meet these; and Short-term needs for achieving milestones toward short term and long-term career goals.
MSTP trainees will have a process that assists in developing long-term goals. Identifying short-term goals will give them a clearer sense of expectations and help identify milestones along the way to achieving specific objectives. The lDP also provides a tool for communication between the trainee and a faculty research mentor, advisor, program director or associate program director.
Outline of lDP Process
The development, implementation and revision of the lDP requires a series of steps to be conducted by the MSTP trainee and their respective advisor/mentor. These steps are an interactive effort, and so both the MSTP trainee and the advisor/mentor must participate fully in the process.
Execution of the IDP Process
For MSTP trainees
Step 1. Conduct a Self Assessment.
- Assess your skills, strengths and areas which need development. Formal assessment tools can be helpful.
- Take a realistic look at your current abilities. This is a critical part of career planning.
- Ask your peers, mentors, family and friends what they see as your strengths and your development needs.
- Outline your long-term career objectives.
- Ask yourself:
o What type of work would I like to be doing?
o Where would I like to be in an organization?
o What is important to me in a career?
Step 2. Discuss Opportunities with Advisor or Mentor.
- Identify your ideal career opportunities.
- Identify developmental needs by comparing current skills and strengths with those needed for your career choice.
- Prioritize your developmental areas and discuss with your advisor or mentor how these should be addressed.
Step 3. Write an lDP.
- The lDP maps out the general path you want to take and helps match skills and strengths to your career choices. It is a changing document, since needs and goals will almost certainly evolve over time as a MSTP trainee. The aim is to build upon current strengths and skills by identifying areas for development and providing a way to address these. The specific objectives of a typical lDP are to:
- Establish effective dates for the duration of your time as an MSTP trainee.
- Identify specific skills and strengths that you need to develop (based on discussions with your advisor/mentor)
- Define the approaches to obtain the specific skills and strengths (e.g., courses, technical skills, teaching, supervision) together with anticipated time frames.
- Discuss your draft IDP with your advisor/mentor.
- Revise the lDP as appropriate.
Step 4. Implement Your Plan.
- The plan is just the beginning of the career development process and serves as the road map. Now it's time to take action!
Step 5. Put your plan into action.
- Revise and modify the plan as necessary. The plan is not cast in concrete; it will need to be modified as circumstances and goals change. The challenge of implementation is to remain flexible and open to change. Review the plan with your advisor/mentor at least yearly This is important since you will transition back and forth from medical school and graduate school. Revise the plan on the basis of these discussions.
Step 1. Become familiar with available opportunities.
- By virtue of your experience you should already have knowledge of some career opportunities.
Step 2. Discuss opportunities with MSTP trainee.
- This needs to be a private, scheduled meeting distinct from regular research-specific meetings. There should be adequate time set aside for an open and honest discussion.
Step 3. Review lDP and help revise.
- Provide honest feedback - both positive and negative - to help MSTP trainee set realistic goals. Agree on a development plan that will allow MSTP trainees to be productive in the classroom, laboratory and clinic and adequately prepare them for their chosen career.
Step 4. Establish regular review of progress.
- The advisor/mentor should meet at regular intervals (at least yearly) with the MSTP trainee to assess progress, expectations and changing goals. On at least an annual basis, the advisor/mentor should conduct a performance review designed to analyze what has been accomplished and what needs to be done. A written review is most helpful in objectively documenting accomplishments.
(a modification of the FASEB IDP template)