Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery Section on Bioethics Ethics Session at Cardiothoracic Surgery Meetings
(Abbreviations: AATS = American Association for Thoracic Surgery; STS = Society of Thoracic Surgeons; STSA = Southern Thoracic Surgical Association; WTSA = Western Thoracic Surgical Association)
STS, January 2011. Ethics Forum: Blood transfusion may be given for imminent exsanguination of a Jehovah’s Witness patient. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Keith Naunheim; Con: Charles Bridges
STS, January 2010. Ethics Forum: Financial links between industry and physician consultants should be severed. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Stephen Immelt; Con: Vincent Gaudiani.
STSA, November 2009. Ethics Forum: Impending Loss of Insurance Coverage Is an Indication to Proceed with Complex, Expensive Surgery. Moderator: Robert Sade Pro: Tony Estrera; Con: John Ikonomidis
STS, January 2009. Ethics Forum: Saving lives is more important than abstract moral concerns: financial incentives should be used to increase organ donation. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Benjamin Hippen; Con: Lainie Ross.
STSA, November 2008. Ethics Forum: Ethical obligation of surgeons to non-compliant patients: Can a surgeon refuse to operate on an intravenous drug-abusing patient with recurrent aortic prosthesis infection? Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Michael DiMaio; Con: Tomas Salerno
AATS, May 2008. Live surgery at national and regional cardiothoracic meetings should be outlawed. Moderator: Craig Miller; Pro: Duke Cameron; Con: Hugo Vanermen
STS, January 2008. Ethics Forum: No heroic measures—how soon is too soon to stop?. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Thomas D’Amico; Con: Mark Krasna.
STSA, November 2007. Cardiothoracic surgical outcomes should be published in the lay press. Pro: Jeffrey Jacobs; Con: Robert Cerfolio
STSA, November 2007. Ethics Forum: A clash of rights: should smoking tobacco products in public places be legally banned? Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Carolyn Dresler; Con: Mark Cherry
STS, January 2007. Ethics Forum: Professionalism meets commerce: tighter regulation of conflicts of interest in surgeon-industry relations is needed. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Jerome Kassirer; Con: Thomas Stossel.
STSA, November 2006. Ethics Forum: Politely refuse the pen and note pad: gifts from industry to physicians harm patients. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Kenneth Iserson; Con: Robert Cerfolio
AATS, April 2006. Developing the Academic Surgeon Symposium: Dealing with conflict of interest in academics. Andrew Wechsler
STS, January 2006. Medical Legal Symposium: As a practicing surgeon, when should I quit? Robert Sade
STS, January 2006. Medical Legal Symposium: As surgeons, are we ethically obligated to serve as the plaintiff’s expert witness, or do we have a free choice? Robert Sade
STS, January 2006. Ethics Forum: Our health care system at the crossroads: single payer or market reform? Moderator: Robert Sade; Single payer: David Himmelstein; Market reform: John Goodman.
STS, January 2006. The ethics of conflicts of interest. Richard Sanderson.
STSA, November 2005. Ethics Forum: surgical innovation is too dangerous to remain unregulated. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Haavi Morreim; Con: Mike Mack.
AATS, April 2005. Controversies in Cardiothoracic Surgery: “Therapeutic cloning should be supported to provide stem cells for CT research and treatment.” Pro: Paul Berg; Con: Eric Cohen.
STS, January 2005. Ethics Forum: Medical ethics collide with public policy: LVAD for a patient with leukemia. Moderator: Robert Sade; Speakers: Gov. Richard Lamm; Patrick McCarthy.
STSA, November 2004. Ethics Forum: Surgical errors should always be disclosed to the patient. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Gus Mavroudis; Con: Keith Naunheim.
AATS, April 2004. Controversies in Cardiothoracic Surgery: "The legal profession is the guardian of medical standards.” Moderator: Joseph Bongiovi; Pro: John Romano; Con: Michael Royce
STS, January 2004. Patient safety as an ethical issue. Charles Bosk.
STSA, November 2003. Ethics Forum: Are thoracic surgeons ethically obligated to serve as expert witnesses for the plaintiff? Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Donald Watson; Con: Francis Robicscek
WTSA, June 2003. Medicare and LVRS. Joel Cooper.
AATS, May 2003. Developing the Academic Surgeon Symposium: "Do no harm? Is it immoral to utilize living persons as sources of organs and tissues for transplantation?" Arthur Caplan
Panel Discussion: Ethical dilemmas in cardiothoracic surgery. Moderator: Ralph Damiano; Panel: Arthur Caplan, Bruce Lytle, Martin McKneally, Richard Weisel.
AATS, May 2003. Controversies in Cardiothoracic Surgery: "Attending cardiothoracic surgeons should also be subject to work-hour regulations". Moderator: Craig Miller; Pro: David Dinges; Con: Irving Kron.
STS, January 2003. Ethics Forum: Surgeons are ethically obligated to refer patients to other surgeons who achieve better results. Nicholas Kouchoukos; Con: Lawrence Cohn.
STSA, November 2002. Ethics Forum: Reduced work hours: and Surgeons should spend more time with family, community, and life outside the hospital. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Ross Ungerleider; con: Joe Coselli,
WTSA, June 2002. Controversies in Thoracic Surgery. “Lung volume reduction surgery and the NETT: A good concept gone awry?” Moderator: John Benfield; Pro: Douglas Wood; Con: Richard Whyte.
AATS, May 2002. Controversies in Cardiothoracic Surgery. “Peer review is the best way to insure quality patient care; Public reporting of surgical results is unnecessary (and misleading)” Moderator: James Cox; Pro: William Nugent; Con: Mark Chassin.
STS, January 2002. Educational Forum Honorary Lecture. “Ethical issues in surgery”. Robert Sade.
STSA, November 2001. Ethics Forum: Cardiothoracic surgeons should make decisions to operate solely on medical grounds: It is wrong to consider insurance coverage, practice mortality data, and cardiologist pressures. Moderator: Robert Sade; Pro: Randolph Chitwood; Con: Ronald Elkins.
WTSA, June 2001. C. Walton Lillehei Point-Counterpoint: The influence of industry on the practice of cardiothoracic surgery: Appropriate or inappropriate? Robert Sade and Thomas Fogarty.
AATS, May 2001. Controversies in Cardiothoracic Surgery. “Is it ethical to advertise surgical results to increase referrals?” Moderator: Tirone David; Pro: Delos Cosgrove; Con: Craig Miller.
STS, January 2001. Post-Graduate Course Ethics Lecture. “Ethical issues in introducing new technology”. Martin McKneally.
STSA, November 1999. Post-Graduate Course Lecture. Why surgeons don’t talk about ethics. Robert Sade.